In 1978, with the approval of the State Council, in order to protect the giant panda and its forest ecosystem, Shaanxi Foping National Nature Reserve (FPNR) was established in Foping County, Shaanxi Province, on the south slope of the middle ranges of the Qinling Mountains.
简介： Brief Introduction
FPNR is located at the intersection of the Oriental and Palaearctic boundaries. It has a warm temperate mountain climate. There is no severe cold in winter and no severe heat in summer. The effective accumulated temperature is more than 3000 hours, and the annual rainfall is about 900mm ~ 1200mm, mostly concentrated in June to September. Its unique location and advantaged natural conditions gave birth to the rich biodiversity resources.
There are 132 families，560 genera and 1271 species of seed plants in this ecosystem, including 2 species of plants under first-class state protection and 8 species of plants under first-class state protection (Orchidaceae is not included); there are 338 species (subspecies) of vertebrates belonging to 2217 genera and 82 families in 29 orders, including 7 species of National Grade I protected vertebrates and 39 species of national grade II protected vertebrates ; and there are 1353 species of insects belonging to 165 families and 24 orders, belonging to grade II protected plants There are two protected species.
自然教育：The Natural Education
In 2004, FPNR joined the Man And Biosphere Network(MAB). It has also been listed as the national popular science education base for teenagers and the field teaching experimental base of Shaanxi Normal University. It has carried out multi-level and multi-directional cooperation with many research units. In 2014, it was listed as "youth science popularization route" by Shaanxi Provincial Forestry Department to carry out environmental education activities for school-age teenagers.
佛坪大熊猫的秘密：The Secret Of The Giant pandas of FoPing
The reason why the giant pandas of FPNR can be preserved is its above unique geographical location. In the past, the traffic was very undeveloped, Foping was not located on the main road of traffic, nor did it have famous cultural landscape, nor did it have rich and unique products. Even though its natural landscape was only a list of famous flowers, slightly different from the Qinling Mountains, which stretched more than a thousand kilometers from the east to the west, with its peaks and ravines and streams criss-crossing. And the giant panda itself, there is no excellent medicinal effect of bear bile, thick skin, rough meat quality, these congenital "defects", unexpectedly also become the population of the protection of the talisman, but these can not always protect their safety and survival. The creation of a reserve is the only effective way to revive this precious and lovable spirit.
佛坪自然保护区地质地貌：Geology and Geomorphology Of FPNR
FPNR is located in the south of the main ridge of Qinling Mountains. It belongs to the fold belt of Qinling Mountains. The rocks in the area are mainly Indo-Chinese granite. This area is the bedrock Zhongshan landform. Below the elevation of 1500m, it is dominated by canyons and peaks, with steep terrain. The elevation of 1500~2000m is mainly wide valley and gentle slope. It is rich in bamboo resources, abundant water and large activity space. It is the main activity area for giant pandas. Above the altitude of 2000m, it is a wide valley and peak ridge landform, which is developed near the ridge of the ice. Shihai and Shihe are widely distributed.